Ahantu ho Gusaba Litiyumu Ion

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Batteri ya LitiyumuKugira porogaramu mubikoresho byinshi birebire, nka pacemakers nibindi bikoresho byubuvuzi byatewe. Ibi bikoresho bikoresha bateri zidasanzwe za lithium kandi bigenewe kugira ubuzima bwa serivisi bwimyaka 15 cyangwa irenga. Ariko kubindi bikoresho bidafite akamaro, nkibikinisho, bateri ya lithium irashobora kugira ubuzima burebure kuruta ibikoresho. Muri iki gihe, bateri ya lithium ihenze ntishobora kubahenze.

Batteri ya Litiyumu irashobora gusimbuza bateri zisanzwe za alkaline mubikoresho byinshi, nkamasaha na kamera. Nubwo bateri ya lithium ihenze cyane, irashobora gutanga ubuzima burebure, bityo bikagabanya gusimbuza batiri. Birakwiye ko tumenya ko niba ibikoresho bikoresha bateri zinc zisanzwe bisimbujwe na bateri ya lithium, hagomba kwitonderwa voltage nini itangwa na bateri ya lithium.

Batteri ya Litiyumu nayo ikoreshwa cyane mubikoresho nibikoresho bigomba gukoreshwa igihe kirekire kandi ntibishobora gusimburwa. Batteri ntoyamubisanzwe bikoreshwa mubikoresho bito bya elegitoronike byoroshye, nka PDA, amasaha, kamera, kamera ya digitale, therometero, calculatrice, mudasobwa BIOS, ibikoresho byitumanaho no gufunga imodoka ya kure. Batteri ya Litiyumu ifite ibiranga umuyaga mwinshi, ubwinshi bwingufu, hamwe na voltage ndende hamwe nigihe kirekire kuruta bateri ya alkaline, bigatuma bateri ya lithium ihitamo neza.

“Batiri ya Litiyumu” ni ubwoko bwa bateri ikoresha ibyuma bya lithium cyangwa lithium alloy nkibikoresho bya electrode mbi kandi ikoresha igisubizo cya electrolyte idafite amazi. Mu 1912, batiri ya lithium yatanzwe kandi yizwe na Gilbert N. Lewis hakiri kare. Mu myaka ya za 70, MS Whittingham yatanze igitekerezo atangira kwigabateri ya lithium-ion. Bitewe nuburyo bukomeye bwimiti yibikoresho bya lithium, gutunganya, kubika no gukoresha ibyuma bya lithium bifite ibidukikije bisabwa cyane. Kubwibyo, bateri ya lithium ntabwo imaze igihe kinini ikoreshwa. Hamwe niterambere ryubumenyi nikoranabuhanga, bateri za lithium ubu zahindutse inzira nyamukuru.

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Igihe cyo kohereza: Ugushyingo-16-2021